When We Use Zero Conditional
A zero suspended sentence consists of two sentences, an „if“ clause and a main clause (in most zero-condition sentences you can use when or if and the meaning remains the same.): We use the first condition to talk about a realistic situation in the present or future. The structure of the first condition is as follows: 1. The null condition is used when the result of the condition uses the null condition if or when and is to be followed by the simple presence or imperative. A clause marker is a word that introduces a dependent clause. The most common clause marker we use in conditional sentences is „if,“ but it`s not the only one we can use. Look at these non-conditional sentences: There are different ways to implement conditional sentences depending on whether we want to talk about conditions that are likely, unlikely or impossible to fulfill, outcomes that are certain or only likely, and whether we are talking about the past, the present or the future. We use the same verbal form in every part of a zero condition: the simple present: The zero condition is used to talk about things that are always true – such as scientific facts and general truths: the zero condition is used for real facts, scientific events, things that are always true. I repeat history and replace „when“, „every time“ and „if“. They guess the rule and I write it on the board. I present examples of other uses, scientific truths, etc.
and this is followed by a multiple-choice sentence exercise, a cloze activity, and writing your own little story. Don`t learn a definition of actual conditionality present and grammar rules useful for using the conditional sentence with examples and ESL spreadsheets. The null condition is easy to form because all verbs are in the present tense. You only use two clauses, one with the simple present verb If+ and the other with another simple present verb: now that you have seen all the English conditions, start practicing using them whenever you can. Create some of your own examples by following the written structure templates. When you practice, using the conditions becomes easy! „Unless“ has the meaning of „if it is not the case“, and so we end up with a small restructuring of the condition clause (going from „I don`t wear my glasses“ to „I wear my glasses“) with the same meaning as when using „if“. Now, take a look at these pairs of sentences: We can make a zero-condition sentence with two existing simple verbs (one in the „if clause“ and one in the „main clause“): we use the so-called zero condition if the result of the condition is still true, as a scientific fact. We often use the imperative or modal verb in the main sentence when giving advice or instructions. It is possible to combine the second and third conditions into one sentence if we want to make a hypothesis about the past that has a consequence in the present. In this case, the structure is: And just as a reminder, I point it out every time it appears in the texts, and I recycle it for comparison purposes when I make conditions 1, 2 and 3. After studying the 4 conditions, I give them a type recognition activity – a long read with 30 conditions.
I teach zero because of the song. The Beatles` Rain is a fitting song for that. First, I ask my students to complete the lyrics while listening, then we sing them together and after writing the zero-linked sentences from the texts on the board and conditionally emphasizing the use of zero. Another way to impose the first conditional sentences is to use „unless,“ which means „only if“ or „out.“ As with „if,“ the word „unless“ can never be followed by „will,“ but only by the simple present. For example: Note that we are thinking of a result that always applies to this condition. The result of the condition is absolute certainty. We don`t think about the future, or the past, or even the present. We are thinking of a simple fact. We use the simple tempo of the present to talk about the condition. We also use the current simple tempo to talk about the result.
The important thing about the null condition is that the condition always has the same result. See this first condition page to learn more about the difference between the first and zero condition. The first condition refers to a specific situation, but zero usually speaks. A conditional sentence is based on the word „if“. A conditional theorem always consists of two parts – a part that begins with „if“ to describe a possible situation, and the second part that describes the consequence. For example: We form a zero condition with the present tense both in the condition clause and in the result clause: 3. „We get tired when we get enough sleep.“ What is right? Now read the following sentences and decide whether they are conditional zero or not: The „if“ in this condition can usually be replaced with „when“ without changing the meaning. We use the zero condition to talk about permanent truths such as scientific facts and general habits. The structure is simple: the null condition is a sentence used to refer to a real situation or a general truth. For example, „If the weather is nice, be sure to bring sunscreen.“ These phrases are heard very often when using the English language, and it is an essential part of broadening your understanding of English in general. A common term used to give advice has the second conditional structure. The phrase is, „If I were you, I would,“ which means, „In your situation, I would do this.“ For example: Since conditional sentences tell us about results that are always true, it may sometimes seem more natural to use „when“ instead of „if“.
We use the second condition to talk about improbable or impossible situations in the present or the future. Here`s the structure: We use the null condition when we want to talk about facts or things that are generally true. Scientific facts are often covered by the zero condition: „When you heat ice, it melts.“ I would like to introduce this simple structure by talking about general and scientific facts at the beginning of the lesson. Later, I get them to think about possible relationships. For example, „when it rains, the streets get wet.“ I ask them, „What happens when it rains?“ and at this point, I insist on using full sentences so they can practice the structure. We can put the two clauses in any order in zero sentences: and that gives us the meaning of zero suspended sentence. We use them when the result of a real condition is still true or a fact. That`s why we often use it for things like scientific laws. Here are some other examples: We combined the two clauses into a single conditional sentence. Conditional sentences tell us that something will happen or could happen (some kind of outcome or consequence) if a certain condition is met. The null condition is a structure used to talk about general truths—things that always happen under certain conditions. This page explains how to form the null condition and when to use it.
We use the third condition to talk about impossible situations, as in the second condition in the past. We often use the third condition to describe regret. The structure is as follows: we can also reverse both parts of a conditional sentence so that the „if“ part comes second, which is especially common in questions. For example: it is also possible to mix the second and third conditions. Let`s look at each condition to see how we use it. If I had more time, I would exercise more. (But I don`t have more time, so I don`t have any.) I will continue this work unless my boss tells me to do something else. What would you do now if you hadn`t decided to study? What would you have studied if you hadn`t studied engineering? It is important to remember that this state is not realized for the past, present, or future – it only applies to things that are ALWAYS true. How can you complete the project if you don`t have a computer? If they had booked earlier, they could have found better places. Adverb games are a kind of dependent sentence. Dependent clauses alone make no sense.